Codependency Relationship Problems

Everyone laughs when I tell them that I wrote Codependency for Dummies. But codependency is no laughing matter. It causes serious pain and affects the majority of Americans, both in and out of relationships. I know. I spent decades recovering.

There are all types of codependents, including caretakers, addicts, pleasers, and workaholics, to name a few. They all have one thing in common: They’ve lost the connection to their core. Their thoughts and behavior revolve around someone or something external, whether it’s a person or an addiction.

It’s as if they’re turned inside out. Instead of self-esteem, they have other esteem, based upon what others think and feel. Instead of meeting their own needs, they meet the needs of others, and instead of responding to their own thoughts and feelings, they react to those of others. Hence, they have to control others to feel okay, but that just makes matters worse. It’s a haywire system that leads to conflict and pain and makes emotional intimacy difficult.

Relationship Problems

Some people criticize the codependency movement and say that it’s created more loneliness. They argue that relationships are nurturing and that we’re naturally meant to be dependent. I couldn’t agree more, but the point is that codependent relationships are not only painful, but are sometimes destructive. Codependents have problems receiving the good stuff that relationships can potentially offer. Many choose partners who are unhealthy.

Codependency for Dummies explains the differences between codependent and healthy interdependent relationships, between healthy care-giving and codependent caretaking, and understanding the boundaries between responsibility for yourself and responsibility to others, something that eludes codependents.

Not all codependents are caretakers, but if you are, you have a hard time listening to other people’s problems without trying to help, sometimes even feeling responsible and guilty for their feelings. This creates high reactivity and arguments of blame and guilt. Couples blame each other for their own feelings and defend themselves when their partner shares his or her feelings.

Boundaries and Intimacy

What’s missing is a sense of separateness between them – called emotional boundaries – that your thoughts and feelings belong to you. “I’m not responsible for your feelings, and I didn’t make you feel them.” Weak boundaries make real intimacy difficult, if not impossible. For that to happen, you need to first have a sense of separate identify and feel safe enough to express your true feelings without feeling afraid of being criticized or rejected.

This is where the codependent core issue of low self-esteem comes in. When your sense of self is weak, you’re afraid of rejection and abandonment, but on the flip-side you fear losing yourself when you get attached in a relationship. You tend to give up your needs to accommodate your partner, sometimes letting go of outside friends and activities you used to enjoy. Even when your relationship isn’t working, you feel stuck or trapped. Contrary to common belief, many codependents aren’t even in relationships, because they’re afraid of losing their independence.

If you’re dating, you might have to dance a tightrope of pursuing partners, but never really commitment, or distancing yourself, but never really leaving. It’s a two-step that’s even done in marriages, but creates constant pain in the relationships, highlighted by fleeting moments of closeness – just enough to keep the dance going. Some couples give up on intimacy entirely.

Communication

Codependents have a dilemma. If you can’t say “No” without feeling guilty, you end up resentful from agreeing to things you rather not. Due to fears of rejection, you avoid taking positions at all costs – like a clever politician, you’re indirect and don’t want to say anything that might upset someone else. Additionally, due to guilt and low self-esteem, codependents are always explaining and justifying themselves.

Improving your communication by learning how to be assertive, how to set boundaries, and how to handle verbal abuse is a vital part of recovery.

Start Healing

Codependents spend their precious lives worrying about things and people over which they have no control. Healing from codependency starts with getting to know yourself better, honoring yourself, and expressing yourself. Here are some tips:

  • Practice on saying “No.” Remember, “No” is a complete sentence.
  • When someone tells you a problem, just listen. Say, “I understand. That’s a real problem.” Period!
  • Identify your feelings throughout the day. Journal and share them.
  • When you don’t feel great, ask yourself what you need. Try to meet that need, and reach out if necessary.
  • Do things that make you happy. Don’t wait for someone else.

Building a relationship with yourself leaves you no time to worry about someone you can’t control. That’s how you heal codependency.

©Darlene Lancer, 2012

 

6 thoughts on “Codependency Relationship Problems

  1. I felt like I was reading a description of myself. All of my romantic relationships have ended because I was described as needy. Well I have been dating this guy for the past 3 months and my emotions are based if I see him or not. I don’t contact him everyday but I think about him constantly waiting by my phone to see if he will call or text me. Most of the time, I initiate contact. This wasn’t the norm in the first month. We have both expressed that we liked each other but I am afraid to have a discussion with him about what he wants from this “relationship”. I’m afraid he’ll not agree. I feel like if I have that talk then I can move on. Everyone is telling me to let him initiate next contact but I feel that if I don’t I’ll be a nervous wreck. I have just started seeing a therapist to help me with my codependency but what can I do in the moment to help me overcome these feelings of anxiety?

    • Great question, Krista. The answer is to learn to focus on your self. Build yourself, your life and your self-esteem. How to do that is contained in my Dummies book with lots of exercises and tools to help you take your attention off of him. Follow my 14 tips for letting go. The reasons you’re so anxious are explained in my new book on shame, with 40 pages of self-help exercises to heal. Also read my blog on obsessions.

  2. “Building a relationship with yourself leaves you no time to worry about someone you can’t control. That’s how you heal codependency.”

    This is a great thought — something I’m working on after being in a narcissistic/codependent relationship for many years. I gave up so much of what I wanted to do and be in an attempt to please a person who in the end abandoned me. It’s hard to build a relationship with yourself after so many years of focusing on someone else, but it’s two years out and I’m doing better!

    • I always love to hear success stories. thank you for posting this! Often we don’t even know what we want, but trial an error helps us know ourselves better. Take action and reap the rewards. Best wishes on your journey!

  3. Excellent article, Darlene! I especially appreciated the part where it’s healthy to listen to other people’s problems without automatically having to help. I continue to use your healthy outlook for my Denver and Boulder clients who are continuing to deepen intimacy through healthy relationship boundaries, energetic breath work, Family Systems Theory, the Enneagram of Personaltiy, and Gestalt work. Thanks for your prodigious output of high quality information!

    • Thank you very much. If you like my posts, you’ll really like my book. It’s unusual in the codependency genre, because it combines family systems and psychodynamic psychology and has tons of exercises. There is a chapter devoted to healthy intimacy and relationships.

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